The world war against the spirit of Immanuel Kant
philosophical germanophobia in Russia in 1914–1915 and the birth of cultural racism
During the First World War the radical nationalist sentiments were widespread in different European countries involved in military activities, including the Russian Empire. In Russia this rise united the features of Russian ethnonationalism and imperial enthusiasm. The Russian philosopher Vladimir Ern (1882–1917) in his article "From Kant to Krupp" (1914) attempted "to ground" the hostility between Russia and its allies, on the one hand, and Germany, on the other hand. This attempt turned Ern's article into one of the earliest manifestoes of cultural racism in Russia, maybe the very first one. Discussing this article in the context of other works by Ern of 1910–1917, one can see that Ern applied Friedrich Nietzsche's genealogical method for the political interpretation of "the problem of technology" causing the aggressive approach to the human's environment. Nevertheless, Ern's cultural racism and aggressive rhetoric blocked further development and even reception of his methodological innovations. The psychological compensatory pragmatic of his rhetoric seems to resemble the analogical function of rigid opposition between "Russia" and "West" in speeches of contemporary Russia's official ideologues.
Kukulin, I. (2014). The world war against the spirit of Immanuel Kant: philosophical germanophobia in Russia in 1914–1915 and the birth of cultural racism. Studies in East European Thought 66 (1-2), pp. 101-121.
This document is unfortunately not available for download at the moment.