Une réflexion herméneutique et anti-linguistique sur la langue dans le cours de Vladimir Bibikhin
In his 1989 lecture series entitled “Philosophy’s Language”, the Russian philosopher Vladimir Bibikhin constructs a singular ontology of language dedicated both to the question of the specific language of philosophy (what should the language of thinking be?) and the one of natural language as an alternative to the conventional system of terms. This article offers to show how Bibikhin, while integrating two strong traditions, works toward overcoming them both: Losev and Florenskij’s philosophy of language, as well as Hans-Georg Gadamer’s hermeneutics. Bibikhin attempts a synthesis leading to a radical realist position according to which language, like things, is the locus of the originary unveiling of the world. This third path echoes certain contemporary discussions, such as speculative realism or Jean-Luc Marion’s phenomenology of givenness, thus revealing the originality of Bibikhin’s thought.
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